Kempegowda, Tipu Sultan, the British and the Mysore rulers were involved in the making of modern Bangalore. There are many heritage buildings in and around the city constructed during various periods of the city's history. Read about some of the most famous heritage buildings of Bangalore.
1. Bangalore Palace
Sri Chamarajendra Wodeyar, the Maharaja of Mysore, acquired over 400 acres of land and an existing mansion, and constructed the building now known as the Bangalore Palace. Built in 1884, the Palace was constructed in the Tudor style of architecture, complete with turrets, battlements, gothic windows and arches. The palace construction is mainly in wood and is famous for exquisite wood carvings. Though the palace area has been a venue for many exhibitions, cultural programs and even rock shows, the Palace itself has been thrown open to public only since 2005.
Did you know?
The Maharaja was inspired by the Windsor Castle in England when he was travelling to Europe and constructed the Bangalore Palace in a similar style.
Entrance to the Palace is from Vasanthnagar Gate of Palace Grounds. Timing - 10 AM to 6 PM, Sunday holiday
2. Vidhana Soudha
The imposing building overlooking the High Court is the seat of legislature of Karnataka. Built in 1950s by Sri Kengal Hanumanthiah, the then chief minister of Mysore state, it cost the state exchequer 1.75 crore rupees. Hanumanthaiah wanted "Vidhana Soudha" to symbolise the legislative sovereignty of the people like the Capital in Washington or The House of Commons in London. The architecture is neo-Dravidian. It is an iconic building, attracting a large number of tourists who visit the place for photo ops even though the building itself is closed to the general public. The illuminated building on Sunday nights is a spectacular sight.
Did you know?
The building was completed in four years and almost all the unskilled labourers were convicts who were set free post completion of the construction.
In Cubbon Park area, facing High Court
3. Attara Kacheri/Karnataka High Court
This distinctive two storeyed red structure that faces Vidhana Soudha was once the seat of the secretariat of the Mysore Kingdom. Post Independence, it housed the State Legislature. In 1956 when the legislature shifted to Vidhana Soudha the Karnataka High Court was shifted to this landmark building. The name ‘Attara Kacheri’ means 18 offices in Hindi. The Mysore administration had 18 departments, inspired by Aurangzeb’s style of administration. When the administration moved to Bangalore and into this building in 1869, the building acquired this unique name. Major Gen Richard Sankey (who lends his name to the Sankey Tank) designed the red building in Graeco Roman architecture.
The building overlooks the green stretch of Cubbon park on one side and faces the large Vidhana Soudha on the other. Entry is restricted and not open to the public unless you have a legal matter to resolve.
Did you know?
There is a museum in the first floor that displays some curious exhibits such as a 1937 wooden chair that was personally hand crafted and used by the then Judge RBH Davies, or a wall clock made in 1902 clock that still works!
In Cubbon Park area, facing the Vidhana Soudha
4. Bangalore Fort & Tipu Sultan's Palace
The fort, now in ruins, was first a mud fort built in 1537 by Kempegowda. It was later expanded by Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan. A Ganapathi temple in its precincts is well preserved and attracts a lot of devotees. It also symbolises Tipu Sultan's tolerance for other religions. Near the fort stands Tipu's Summer Palace. Built in 1791, this elegant wooden two storeyed structure with its exquisite carvings resembles the Daria Daulat Palace in Srirangapatnam. Adjoining the palace is a 300 year old Venkateshwara temple built by the Chikka Deva Raja Wodeyar. Popularly known as ‘Kote Devasthana’, it attracts many devotees on the ‘Dodda Ekadashi’ day who believe a darshan of the God on this day will lead them to heaven.
Did you know?
The present day City Market area was once home to Tipu Sultan’s huge palace with a beautiful garden. The small two-storeyed structure is all that remains after the British destroyed most of it during the final war with Tipu.